[2014/6/25] CEDAW國家報告審查 伴侶盟快報

[ CEDAW國家報告審查 伴侶盟快報]

昨日國際委員詢問台灣政府代表有關同居伴侶是否有相關統計
並詢及法律上的保障狀況
法務部出席代表回應略稱

1. 由於同居伴侶不是結婚,因此沒有婚姻(相關的)權利。現行法中同居伴侶無繼承權但此部分可透過親屬會議要求酌給、家暴法有納入同居關係。
2. 同居伴侶沒有統計數據,唯一能參考的數據是家暴的統計,在國家報告273頁表16-8

戶政司補充回覆同性伴侶因為同性婚姻不合法,沒有登記,無統計資料。

今日(6/25)伴侶盟執行長許秀雯律師出席會議針對以上專家關切的問題補充資訊並明確提出建議供國際委員參考

許律師英文發言摘要及中文摘譯如下

Review of Taiwan’s CEDAW Second National Report
Statement of Taiwan Alliance to Promote Civil Partnership Rights (TAPCPR)

Representative : Victoria Hsu
(Attorney-at-law, CEO of TAPCPR) Date : 2014/6/25

1. The official government statistics, particularly the Population and Housing Census conducted by the Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS) of Executive Yuan once each decade continues to list “co-habitat” and “with spouse” under “form of marriage” for the purposes of statistical analysis. This method completely ignores the wide variety of unmarried cohabiting couples and fails to reflect the reality of households in society in the statistical results. (政府每十年一次的人口普查持續將同居與有配偶均歸屬於[婚姻狀況]項下,因此無法掌握同居人口)

2. It does not exist any registered union/civil partner (or civil union…etc.) system in Taiwan. Laws protect rights and benefits for heterosexual marriages and there is an ongoing lack of understanding and legal protection for same-sex and heterosexual non-marital couples. Yesterday the Representative of the Ministry of Justice said that « even though the cohabiting partners do not have inheritance rights, they could be allocated a certain portion of the deceased partners’s property by the family council. » However, we have to point out that in practice, cases of cohabiting partners to obtain property through the above provision are extremely rare.
(我國僅有異性戀婚姻制度,沒有登記同居或民事伴侶制度。同性伴侶與同居伴侶的法律保障匱缺一直持續未有改善。昨日法務部代表稱同居伴侶可透過親屬會議要求酌給遺產,但實務上同居伴侶透過此規定實際獲得財產的案例極為罕見)

伴侶盟以書面及口頭對於委員及台灣政府做成三項主要建議

Recommendations
(1) Civil code should be amended to permit same-sex marriage: Excluding non- heterosexual couples from the institution of marriage simply allows that discrimination and inequality to endure.
(應該修改民法承認同性婚姻: 將非異性戀伴侶排除於婚姻制度之外只會導致歧視與不平等延續)

(2) Laws should be enacted to protect alternative partnerships and diverse families.
(除了婚姻,法律也應保障不同形式的伴侶與家庭)

(3) Taiwan government should conduct statistical surveys regarding LGBTI and heterosexual non-marital partners and families in order to better understand and assess the situation of these populations.
(台灣政府應對於多元性別與家庭進行調查與統計
以便可以更了解與評估這些群體的社會處境)

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